CBD Oil Dosage : Get Your CBD Intake right!

CBD or cannabidiol is non-psychoactive substance derived from the cannabis plant. It is just one out of more than 60 different compounds found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, which gets all the limelight due to its mind-altering effects, CBD does not cause any sedative effect. Instead, it directly affects the endocannabinoid system of the human body, thus inducing a number of medical benefits.

The health benefits of CBD are many. Amongst others, it has anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, antipsychotic and anxiolytic effects.  Due to these properties, it is used as a treatment for a plethora of health disorders such as schizophrenia, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, epilepsy, neuroinflammation and oxidative injuries.

CBD acts on two types of receptors – CB1 and CB2. These are present all across the body. While CB1 receptors are associated with pain, emotions, memory, cognition, coordination and endocrine and autonomic functions, the CB2 receptors are solely responsible for controlling the immune system. They provide relief from inflammation and certain kinds of pain.

Use of CBD oil in Various treatments:

CBD oil is used in the treatment and cure of various health conditions. However, it is most commonly used in the following cases.

  • Providing relief from pain and inflammation

CBD is most commonly used for the treatment of pain and inflammation. CBD has the ability to inhibit neuronal transmissions involved with pain signals, thus modulating the sensations of pain. It is also used as a therapeutic treatment for conditions such as chronic pain and multiple sclerosis.

  • Antipsychotic effects

Studies made using neurochemical and behavioral techniques after the administration of CBD have shown that the compounds possess a pharmacological profile just like that of the atypical antipsychotic drugs. The compound is also very safe and effective in treating patients with mental disorders such as schizophrenia.

  • Anxiety treatment

CBD contains anxiolytic properties and is increasingly effective in treating patients with social anxiety and panic disorder. It produces a calming effect, thus reducing the post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Furthermore, it is proven to reduce cognitive impairment, self-consciousness, and discomfort while speaking in public.

  • Cancer

CBD possesses proapoptotic and antiproliferative effects. Due to this, it is able to inhibit the invasion, adhesion, and migration of cancer cells. Studies have shown that CBD shows a very less potency towards healthy cells and selectively controls the growth of cancerous cells. Apart from that, CBD is also proven to be helpful in limiting the growth of tumors, which showing little effect on the non-tumorigenic cells.

  • Relief from nausea

CBD is also very effective in the suppression of nausea. This is because the compounds act as a diphasic, thereby reducing any tendencies to vomit.

  • Treatment of seizures and neurological disorders

CBD is used as a very effective treatment for epilepsy and within a few months of use, it is known to reduce the frequency of seizures by almost 45%. CBD can be used by patients of all ages without having to worry about the side effects. Apart from that, it also helps the patients have a greater alertness, clarity of mind, better mood and have undisturbed sleep at night. The only side effects it can cause are fatigue and drowsiness. For treating neurological disorders, it is taken in 25mg for a kg of the body weight.

  • Reduces the risk of diabetes

CBD helps in maintaining a harmonious balance between the insulin and glucose levels, thereby reducing the risk of diabetes.

  • Better cardiovascular health

CBD reduces the vascular permeability and inflammation during high glucose environments, assisting in the maintenance of a high cardiovascular health.

Dosage of CBD oil for various causes

Since different brands follow different standards and different compositions, the dosage may come off as a bit confusing. The concentrations can vary from anywhere in between 1 to 100 mg. Sometimes, the companies also recommend the doses for different conditions. However, if you try to see it on a comparative basis, you will soon realize that the doses are not uniform. Therefore, if you are planning to start using CBD, you should first be clear about the standard dosage in different medical conditions. After you actually start the use, you can increase or decrease the doses of 25 mg every 3 to 4 weeks, depending on the response provided by the body.

The standard dosage for pure CBD oil is as follows:

  • Chronic pain – 2.5 to 20 mg for 25 days, taken orally
  • Epilepsy – 200 to 300 mg for 4.5 months, taken orally
  • Huntington’s disease – 10 mg per kg of the body weight, to be taken for 6 weeks
  • Sleep disorder – 4- to 160 mg, taken orally
  • Multiple sclerosis – 2.5 to 120mg by mouth for 2 to 15 weeks
  • Schizophrenia – 40 to 1280 mg depending on the severity of the condition. This should be taken daily and continued for up to four weeks
  • Glaucoma – 20 to 40 mg. The oil should be kept under the tongue. Any quantity beyond 40 mg can increase eye pressure

How to calculate CBD dosage?

Keep the following three things in mind while considering the Cbd oil dosage.

  • Start with a small dose

Every human body is different and responds differently to different doses. Therefore, it is best to start with the smallest, watch for the response from the body and then gradually move on to higher doses if required. It is not really necessary for two people to react to a given dosage of the CBD in the same way. You would be putting yourself at a risk by directly jumping to higher doses. It might take a while before your body grows accustomed to taking this extra dose of CBD. So wait till you get familiar with it and adjust your dose accordingly. You can start with brands like Sol CBD that have a relatively lower concentration of the CBD and then gradually work our way upwards.

  • Take  your body size into consideration

Most of the time, the doses are managed to take into consideration the body weight. Since the body weight is never constant from one person to the other, it would be a great mistake to set standard doses for CBD. People with a large build automatically require larger doses as compared to smaller people. If you are adjusting the dosage, do so only by about a few milligrams each time and not within a gap of less than 3 weeks.

  • Get help from a professional

It is always best to consult a professional before you start taking CBD. This will give you a better idea about how to use it in the best way and how to control the doses. This will make sure you do not overdose or under-dose yourself and also prevent the risk of any possible side effects.

What happens if you overdose yourself with CBD?

Although none of the side effects of CBD is life-threatening, you do suffer a few of them. These side effects are mainly because the medicine directly targets the nervous system. If you notice any of the following symptoms, it could be indicative of the fact that you have been following a faulty Cbd oil dosage.

  • Tremors

CBD is used in a number of diseases such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease for controlling tremors. However, some of the regular users have also reported of the oil inducing tremors when there had been none before. There are no studies that can actually explain this, but it has been observed that CBD does cause tremors in certain individuals. These tremors only last a few seconds when they come. However, they can endure for up to half an hour. The only logical explanation for this is the stimulating effect on the central nervous system due to the traces of THC present in the oil or possibly an interaction with the dopaminergic signaling system[Source]. 

  • Cottonmouth

The cottonmouth is when you experience a dryness in the throat and mouth. You do not have to take a lot of cannabis to experience this. However, when you take it in larger amounts, the condition escalates, so much so that even drinking water or other beverages seems to make no difference.

Dry mouth is caused due to the presence of the receptors on the submandibular glands. This then blocks the activity of the saliva-inducing compounds such as methacholine and norepinephrine in these glands, leading to a reduced saliva secretion. In such a case, you should refrain from taking alcoholic beverages and drink lots of water. You can use a demulcent for greater relief.

  • Paranoia and psychosis

CBD can increase intolerance, thus causing paranoia, anxiety and disturbed behavioral and thought patterns. If there is any THC present in the product, it can heighten these emotions even more. If you frequently experience paranoia or psychosis, you should either cut down on the dosage or stop the usage for some time.

Conclusion

CBD has been found to be increasingly effective in treating various physical as well as mental disorders. Since it works by inducing various molecular reactions in the endocannabinoid system, it is very important to be mindful of the doses. You can start with smaller doses and then change it according to the response received from the body. It is best to take a doctor’s suggestion to be on the safer side.